Scope of project-cluster “Disaster Management & Relief Optimization” is to develop exact and ready-togo emergency-scenarios in case of disasters.
Disaster Relief Operations Planning:
In case of disaster locating lethal facilities in an optimized way offers a faster relief as the time-lack of planning can be dispensed. All optimization tasks are set on demographic, geographic and geologic data. Depending on the special topic many other constraints are considered.
At first - in preparation of disasters - the geographic and geologic placement of e.g. mobile hospitals and base stations of ambulance cars are fundamental. Also storage of emergency tools such as equipment for processing drinking water, blood preservation utilities, etc. is most important for sustainable help.
Second is the perfect placement of utilities – to find the balance between reaching most of the harmed population versus using (geologic) safe pathes, streets, etc. While solving these problems several, even converse constraints can be considered: sea level vs.accessibility in tsunami regions; fastest vs. regular timing in case of traumatized people or vs. security level of the region; and many more. One major topic to onsider in all the projects is to keep the basic medical services operating in the non-disasterregions of a country.
In non-disaster-context the algorithms are used for scheduling emergency vehicles and solving dial-aride problems as well as optimizing ambulance locations and scheduling blood collecting vehicles, e.g. for the Red Cross. Also locating safe sites to build schools in tsumami- or hurricane-regions are current research topics.